The only requirement for RAISE is class participation; that means completing the assigned readings ahead of time and coming to class prepared to join in the discussion. Passing the class requires missing no more than 3 class meetings. That said, we are aware that things turn up and we encourage you to take up valuable professional opportunities, such as conference attendance, even if they do clash with a class or two. To facilitate such worth enterprises and to accommodate the vicissitudes of life, we are happy to work out alternatives to in-class participation where necessary - just plan ahead and let us know so that we can work something out. If your circumstances change such that you will not be able to meet the class attendance requirement, you should remember to officially drop the class before the deadline for withdrawal without academic penalty inorder to avoid an F or a Z on your transcript.